Respiratory diseases

No Evidence of Off-label Use of Olodaterol and Indacaterol in Denmark, France, and the Netherlands: A Drug Utilization Study

To characterize the use of olodaterol and indacaterol in clinical practice and to quantify the off-label use in asthma. Drug utilization study of new users of olodaterol or indacaterol between 2014 and 2017 in the PHARMO Database Network in the Neterlands, the Danish population registers, and the IMS Real-World Evidence Longitudinal Patient Database panels in France

Read more

An evaluation of exact matching and propensity score methods as applied in a comparative effectiveness study of inhaled corticosteroids in asthma

BACKGROUND: Cohort matching and regression modeling are used in observational studies to control for confounding factors when estimating treatment effects. Our objective was to evaluate exact matching and propensity score methods by applying them ia 1-year pre-post historical database study to investigate asthma-related outcomes by treatment

Read more

Asthma related medication use and exacerbations in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of asthma medication and occurrence of asthma exacerbations up to 5 years before and after the onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Children and adolescents younger than 1years with at least 2 insulin prescriptions between 1999 and 2009 classified as T1DM cohort (n = 915) and a 4 times larger reference cohort (n = 3,590) with the same age and gender were identified from the Dutch PHARMO Record Linkage System

Read more

Infants born before 32 weeks of gestation or with respiratory disease are most likely to receive palivizumab in the Netherlands

AIM: Palivizumab is reported to be effective in reducing respiratory syncytial virus hospitalisation. Its licensed uses include infants younger than six months of age, born before 35 weeks of gestation or under two years old with congenital heart dsease or bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We redressed lack of research in the Netherlands by studying whether infants who met the licensed indications received the drug

Read more

Burden of Exacerbations in Patients with Moderate to Very Severe COPD in the Netherlands: A Real-life Study

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare rates of different types of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPDs) and healthcare utilization among patients with different severities of COPD. METHODS: Data for this study was obtained from theHARMO Database Network, which includes drug dispensing records from pharmacies, hospitalization records and information from general practitioners

Read more

Antibiotic prescribing on admission to patients with pneumonia and prior outpatient antibiotic treatment: a cohort study on clinical outcome

OBJECTIVE: Most pneumonia treatment guidelines recommend that prior outpatient antibiotic treatment should be considered when planning inpatient antibiotic regimen. Our purpose was to study in patients admitted for community-acquired pneumonia theode of continuing antibiotic treatment at the outpatient to inpatient transition and the subsequent clinical course

Read more

Increased risk of sudden cardiac arrest in obstructive pulmonary disease: a case-control study

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine whether (1) patients with obstructive pulmonary disease (OPD) have an increased risk of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) due to ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF), and (2) the SCA risk is mediated by cardioascular risk-profile and/or respiratory drug use. METHODS: A community-based case-control study was performed, with 1310 cases of SCA of the ARREST study and 5793 age, sex and SCA-date matched non-SCA controls from the PHARMO database

Read more