Women's health and paediatrics

Increased risk of morbidities and health-care utilisation in children born following preterm labour compared with full-term labour: A population-based study

AIM: Recent evidence is emerging indicating long-term effects in infants born after an episode of preterm labour (PTL), even if birth is at term. This population-based study compared long-term rates of outcomes and health-care utilisation (HCU) inhildren born following spontaneous preterm labour, irrespective of gestational age at delivery or of an uncomplicated pregnancy (SPTLu), with children born following full-term labour (FTL), overall stratified by comorbidity status and assessed using a composite morbidity measure (CM)

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A cohort study on the risk of lymphoma and skin cancer in users of topical tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, and corticosteroids (Joint European Longitudinal Lymphoma and Skin Cancer Evaluation – JOELLE study)

Background: There is a concern that topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, indicated for second-line treatment of atopic dermatitis, may increase the risk of lymphoma and skin cancer, particularly in children. Objective: The aim of this study was toompare incidence rates (IRs) of lymphoma and skin cancer between new users of topical tacrolimus or pimecrolimus and users of moderate- to high-potency topical corticosteroids (TCSs) and untreated subjects

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Observational cohort study: safety outcomes in children using proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 receptor antagonists

OBJECTIVE: Acid suppression with histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) or proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is recommended for children with persistent gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms. In this retrospective, observational postauthorizationtudy, we aimed to assess and compare safety outcomes in pediatric first-time users of esomeprazole, other PPIs or H2RAs

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Thrombotic risk minimization for Diane-35 and generics

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of risk minimization measures on cyproterone acetate/ethinylestradiol (CPA/EE) use in the Netherlands. Potential indications of use and concomitant pharmacy dispensing of other hormonal contraceptves (HC) were assessed among new users in 2011, 2012, and 2014

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Psychiatric medication use before and after the onset of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents: A population-based cohort study

BACKGROUND: Several studies showed a bidirectional association between type 2 diabetes and psychiatric disorders in adults. Because there is limited information on the association between type 1 diabetes (T1D) and psychiatric disorders (including pychiatric medication use) in children and adolescents, we assessed frequency of use of these medications before and after the onset of T1D

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Asthma related medication use and exacerbations in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of asthma medication and occurrence of asthma exacerbations up to 5 years before and after the onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Children and adolescents younger than 1years with at least 2 insulin prescriptions between 1999 and 2009 classified as T1DM cohort (n = 915) and a 4 times larger reference cohort (n = 3,590) with the same age and gender were identified from the Dutch PHARMO Record Linkage System

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Cardiovascular medication use and cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a population-based cohort study

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the 5-yr prevalence and incidence rates of cardiovascular medication and cardiovascular disease before and after onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Children and adolescents (<19 yr) with1D (n = 925), defined as those who received at least two insulin prescriptions, and a four times larger reference cohort (n = 3591) with the same age and gender in the Dutch PHARMO Record Linkage System (RLS) were studied in a retrospective cohort studybetween 1999 and 2009

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