Medications at the end of life should be used for symptom control. Medications which potential adverse effects outweigh their expected benefits are called ‘potentially inappropriate medications’ (PIMs). PIMs are related with adverse drug events and reduced quality of life. In this study, we investigated to what extent PIMs are dispensed to older patients with lung cancer in the last month of life.
From Inception to ConcePTION: Genesis of a Network to Support Better Monitoring and Communication of Medication Safety During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
The ConcePTION CDM has enabled 13 data sources to run common scripts to contribute to major European projects, demonstrating its capacity to facilitate effective and transparent deployment of distributed analytics, and its potential to address questions about utilization, effectiveness, and safety of medicines in special populations, including during pregnancy and breastfeeding, and, more broadly, in the general population.
Whether an association between oral levothyroxine use, leading to supraphysiological exposure of the colon to thyroid hormones, and risk of colorectal cancer exists in humans is unclear. We therefore aimed to assess whether the use of levothyroxine is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer in a linked cohort of pharmacy and cancer data.
Long-Term Risk of Skin Cancer and Lymphoma in Users of Topical Tacrolimus and Pimecrolimus: Final Results from the Extension of the Cohort Study Protopic Joint European Longitudinal Lymphoma and Skin Cancer Evaluation (JOELLE)
Purpose: Evidence is insufficient to infer whether topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs; tacrolimus and pimecrolimus) cause malignancy. The study objective was to estimate the long-term risk of skin cancer and lymphoma associated with topical TCI use in adults and children, separately.
Respiratory morbidity, healthcare resource use, and cost burden associated with extremely preterm birth in The Netherlands
Background: Extremely preterm (EP) infants have high rates of respiratory morbidity and correspondingly high healthcare resource utilization.
Objectives: Data from the PHARMO Perinatal Research Network were analyzed to quantify the burden of EP birth in the Netherlands.
Use of intravenous iron and risk of anaphylaxis: A multinational observational post-authorisation safety study in Europe
Purpose: This post-authorisation safety study estimated the risk of anaphylaxis in patients receiving intravenous (IV) iron in Europe, with interest in iron dextran and iron non-dextrans. Studies conducted in the United States have reported risk of anaphylaxis to IV iron ranging from 2.0 to 6.8 per 10 000 first treatments.
Aims: Drug exposure status based on routinely collected data might be misclassified when the database contains only prescriptions from 1 type of prescriber (e.g. general practitioner and not specialist). This study aims to quantify the impact of such exposure misclassification on the risk of major bleeding and stroke/transient ischaemic attack (TIA)associated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) vs. vitamin K antagonists (VKAs).
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are emerging opportunistic pathogens of humans. Because NTM pulmonary disease (PD) is not a notifiable disease in Europe, the epidemiology of NTM-PD is not well known. However, the prevalence of NTM-PD is thought to be increasing, particularly in countries where tuberculosis rates have decreased. Here we aim to determine the prevalence of NTM-PD in the Netherlands.
A steep increase in healthcare seeking behaviour in the last months before colorectal cancer diagnosis
Timely recognition of colorectal cancer related symptoms is essential to reduce time to diagnosis. This study aims to investigate the primary healthcare use preceding a colorectal cancer diagnosis.
Outcomes in patients with lung cancer treated with crizotinib and erlotinib in routine clinical practice: A post-authorization safety cohort study conducted in Europe and in the United States
Purpose: We examined safety outcomes of interest (SOI) and overall survival (OS) among lung cancer patients initiating crizotinib and erlotinib in routine clinical practice.