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Changes in glucose-lowering drug use before and after cancer diagnosis in patients with diabetes

AIM: This study explores the changes in glucose-lowering drug (GLD) use before and after cancer diagnosis among patients with diabetes. METHODS: New GLD users (1998-2011) living in the Dutch ECR-PHARMO catchment area were selected from the PHARMO Dtabase Network (n=52,228). Those with a primary cancer diagnosis were considered cases (n=3281) and matched with eligible controls (n=12,891) without cancer during follow-up

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Clinical effectiveness of liraglutide vs basal insulin in a real-world setting: Evidence of improved glycaemic and weight control in obese people with type 2 diabetes

AIMS: To compare real-world antidiabetic treatment outcomes over 12 months in obese people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who previously received oral antidiabetic therapy and then initiated a first injectable therapy with liraglutide or basainsulin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, propensity score-matched, longitudinal cohort study using real-world data (January 2010 to December 2015) from the Dutch PHARMO Database Network

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Risk of dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors on site-specific cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

BACKGROUND: The long-term impact of DPP-4 inhibition is unknown and there are concerns about the influence of DPP-4 inhibition on carcinogenesis of the pancreas and thyroid. As DPP-4 is a rather unselective enzyme present in many tissues, we focuseon all specific cancer types. METHODS: PubMed and EMBASE were searched between Jan 2005 and Apr 2017 to identify studies comparing DPP-4 inhibitors with either placebo or active drugs on cancer risk

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A cohort study on the risk of lymphoma and skin cancer in users of topical tacrolimus, pimecrolimus, and corticosteroids (Joint European Longitudinal Lymphoma and Skin Cancer Evaluation – JOELLE study)

Background: There is a concern that topical tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, indicated for second-line treatment of atopic dermatitis, may increase the risk of lymphoma and skin cancer, particularly in children. Objective: The aim of this study was toompare incidence rates (IRs) of lymphoma and skin cancer between new users of topical tacrolimus or pimecrolimus and users of moderate- to high-potency topical corticosteroids (TCSs) and untreated subjects

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Pioglitazone and cause-specific risk of mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes: extended analysis from a European multidatabase cohort study

Objectives: Describe and compare the risk of cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality in patients whose antidiabetic therapy is modified to include pioglitazone compared with an alternative antidiabetic medication at the same stage of diseasprogression. Research design and methods: This exploratory linked database cohort analysis used pooled health and mortality data from three European countries: Finland, Sweden and the UK

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Factors Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Treatment Choice Across Four European Countries

PURPOSE: The aim of this analysis was to identify factors associated with the choice of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) therapy at the time of intensification of antidiabetic treatment across 4 European countries. METHODS: Antidiabetic drug prescrition/dispensing records and patients’ characteristics were obtained from the electronic health care records of patients with T2DM from the Netherlands (NL), Italy, and Spain (ES) (all, 2007-2011); and the United Kingdom (UK; 2008-2012)

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