Diabetes

Cardiovascular medication use and cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a population-based cohort study

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the 5-yr prevalence and incidence rates of cardiovascular medication and cardiovascular disease before and after onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Children and adolescents (<19 yr) with1D (n = 925), defined as those who received at least two insulin prescriptions, and a four times larger reference cohort (n = 3591) with the same age and gender in the Dutch PHARMO Record Linkage System (RLS) were studied in a retrospective cohort studybetween 1999 and 2009

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Pioglitazone use and risk of bladder cancer in patients with type 2 diabetes: retrospective cohort study using datasets from four European countries

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between pioglitazone use and bladder cancer risk in patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using propensity score matched cohorts. SETTINGS: Healthcare databases from Finland, the Neherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Data comprised country specific datasets of linked records on prescriptions, hospitals, general practitioners, cancer, and deaths

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Chronic comorbidities in children with type 1 diabetes: a population-based cohort study

OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of chronic comorbidities among children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to compare incidences with a group of children without diabetes. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Dutch PHARMO database (199-2010). PATIENTS: All patients (<19 years old) with T1D between 1999 and 2009 (T1D cohort) and a group of age- and sex-matched (ratio: 1-4) children without diabetes (reference cohort)

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Impact of cancer on adherence to glucose-lowering drug treatment in individuals with diabetes

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Adherence to glucose-lowering drug (GLD) treatment regimens is crucial for metabolic control and improving prognosis. Because a diagnosis of cancer might have an impact on adherence to medication, this study explored changes in adhrence to GLDs following a cancer diagnosis. METHODS: All new users of GLDs between 1998 and 2011 who lived in the Eindhoven Cancer Registry-PHARMO Database Network catchment area were selected

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Population-based cohort study of anti-infective medication use before and after the onset of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents

A population-based cohort study was conducted in the Dutch PHARMO database to investigate prevalence and patterns of anti-infective medication use in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) before and after the onset of this disease. Alpatients <19 years with at least 2 insulin prescriptions (1999 to 2009) were identified (T1D cohort) and compared with an age- and sex-matched (ratio: 1 up to 4) diabetes-free reference group

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