Diabetes

Psychiatric medication use before and after the onset of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents: A population-based cohort study

BACKGROUND: Several studies showed a bidirectional association between type 2 diabetes and psychiatric disorders in adults. Because there is limited information on the association between type 1 diabetes (T1D) and psychiatric disorders (including pychiatric medication use) in children and adolescents, we assessed frequency of use of these medications before and after the onset of T1D

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No decreased risk of gastrointestinal cancers in users of metformin in The Netherlands; a time-varying analysis of metformin exposure

Previous studies on metformin use and gastrointestinal (GI) cancer risk have yielded inconclusive results on metformin’s chemoprotective effects. We aimed to evaluate GI cancer risk in users of metformin in The Netherlands using a time-varying apprach in a large population-based database. A cohort study was performed using the NCR-PHARMO database

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Pioglitazone and risk of mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes: results from a European multidatabase cohort study

OBJECTIVES: Estimate and compare the risk of mortality in patients whose antidiabetic therapy is modified to include pioglitazone compared with an alternative antidiabetic medication at the same stage of disease progression. DESIGN: Retrospective chort study. SETTING: Pooled analysis of clinical data collected from primary and/or secondary care settings in four European countries: Finland, The Netherlands, Sweden and the UK

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Asthma related medication use and exacerbations in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of asthma medication and occurrence of asthma exacerbations up to 5 years before and after the onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Children and adolescents younger than 1years with at least 2 insulin prescriptions between 1999 and 2009 classified as T1DM cohort (n = 915) and a 4 times larger reference cohort (n = 3,590) with the same age and gender were identified from the Dutch PHARMO Record Linkage System

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